The ozone layer is a thin stratum of gas in the upper atmosphere which acts as a shield to protect the earth’s surface from about 99 per cent of harmful solar ultraviolet (UV) radiation.1 so vital is the ozone layer that, without it, most of earth’s organisms could not have evolved, let alone be sustained.2
The human impacts of increased exposure to UV radiation are well documented and include suppression of the immune system, cataracts and skin cancers.3 Plants and ecosystems are also at risk. Research has shown UV-B radiation can significantly impair the reproductive capacity and early developmental stages of aquatic organisms.4 In addition, increased exposure to UV light in terrestrial plants results in reductions in height, decreased shoot mass and reductions in foliage area.5 The Montreal Protocol has been widely lauded as the world’s most successful environmental treaty, having phased out 98 per cent of ozone-depleting substances (ODS) placed under its control.6 However, illicit trade in ODS began following the first wave of chlorofluorocarbon (CFC) phase-outs and continues to this day, threatening to undermine this success.
Global demand for refrigerants has risen significantly in recent years, with peak hydrochlorofluorocarbon (HCFC) consumption approximately three times greater than CFC peak production. The scale of illegal HCFC trade could potentially be larger than that previously seen with CFCs.
This briefing provides an overview of ODS smuggling and actions to combat illegal ODS trade that can be taken by Parties to the Montreal Protocol.
Ozone Protection Medals for Customs & Enforcement Officers from Bosnia & Herzegovina, China, Croatia, European Union, Georgia, Kyrgyzstan, Romania, Russia, Serbia, Spain, Turkey, Turkmenistan, Ukraine and Uzbekistan.
Customs & Enforcement Officers from Bosnia & Herzegovina, China, Croatia, European Union, Georgia, Kyrgyzstan, Romania, Russia, Serbia, Spain, Turkey, Turkmenistan, Ukraine and Uzbekistan will receive the Ozone Protection Award 2016 of UNEP’s Regional Ozone Network for Europe & Central Asia (ECA network) during the forthcoming Customs Cooperation Meeting in Ashgabat, Turkmenistan, 24-25 May 2016.
In the period from May 2014 to April 2016, the award winners reported 32 successful seizures of 10156 refrigerant cylinders/containers containing more than 68 metric tons of ozone-depleting chemicals and mixtures. Informal Prior Informed Consent (iPIC) consultations prior to the issuance of trade licenses avoided 16 unwanted/illegal shipments of more than 174 metric tons of ozone-depleting chemicals and mixtures.
The award has been endorsed by the World Customs Organization, Ozone Secretariat, Multilateral Fund Secretariat, UNEP’s OzonAction Programme as well as Turkmenistan as the host country. Representatives of all organizations will sign the award certificates.
The ECA Customs Cooperation Meeting and Ceremony of the ECA Ozone Protection Award for Customs & Enforcement Officers 24-25 May 2016 and the ECA network meeting 26-27 May 2016
The OzonAction Programme of the United Nations Environment Programme (UNEP) and the State Committee on Environment Protection and Land Resources of Turkmenistan are jointly organizing the ECA customs cooperation meeting and ceremony of the ECA ozone protection award for customs & enforcement officers (24-25 May 2016) and the ECA network meeting (26-27 May 2016). Both meetings are funded by the Multilateral Fund for the Implementation of the Montreal Protocol and part of the work programme of the Regional Ozone Network for Europe & Central Asia. The meeting language will be English and Russian and therefore, participants must be able to understand and speak one of these languages.
Globalne multinacionalne kompanije Unilever, Red Bull, Coca-Cola, PepsiCo i SABMiller, prošle nedelje su objavile da su širom sveta pustile u rad više od 4,5 miliona rashladnih uređaja bez HFC-a. Pod okriljem „Refrigerants Naturally!“, te kompanije isključuju HFC iz upotrebe u svojoj rashladnoj opremi, u nastojanjima da ublaže klimatske promene.
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Join the Upcoming Webinar on: "Breaking Down Barriers in the Servicing and Maintenance of Natural Refrigerant Systems", organized by UNEP OzonAction and “Refrigerants, Naturally!”
Date: 1 March 2016
Time: 1:00 PM CET.
Refrigerants, Naturally! Is a global initiative of companies committed to combat climate change by replacing environmentally harmful fluorinated gases with natural refrigerants.
In this webinar Refrigerants, Naturally! Members present on bottlenecks and barriers in ensuring service and maintenance for natural refrigerant stand-alone units and how they overcome these barriers.
They will discuss the processes the companies use to improve local knowledge on servicing CO2 and HC systems.
Refrigerants, Naturally! Members are PepsiCo, Red Bull, SabMiller, the Coca-Cola Company and Unilever. The initiative is supported by Greenpeace and the United Nations Environment Programme (UNEP). The member companies promote a shift in commercial refrigeration, i.e. point-of-sale cooling units (beverage coolers, vendors, dispensers and ice-cream freezers) towards natural refrigerants.
Please register here.
After registering, you will receive a confirmation email containing information about joining the webinar.